rmt - remote magtape protocol module SYNOPSIS
Rmt is a program used by tar, cpio, mt, and the remote dump and restore programs in manipulating a magnetic tape drive through an interprocess communication connection. Rmt is normally started up with an rexec(3)? or rcmd(3) call or the rsh(1) command.
The rmt program accepts requests specific to the manipula- tion of magnetic tapes, performs the commands, then responds with a status indication. All responses are in ASCII and in one of two forms. Successful commands have responses of:
Number is an ASCII representation of a decimal number. Unsuccessful commands are responded to with: Eerror-numbernerror-message n Error-number is one of the possible error numbers described in intro(2) and error-message is the corresponding error string as printed from a call to perror(3). The protocol is comprised of the following commands, which are sent as indi- cated - no spaces are supplied between the command and its arguments, or between its arguments, and n indicates that a newline should be supplied: Odevicenmoden
Open the specified deviceusing the indicatedmode.Deviceis a full pathname and modeis anASCIIrepresentation of a decimal number suitable forpassing to open(2).If a device had already been opened, it is closed before a new open is performed.
Cdevicen Close the currently open device. The devicespecified is ignored.
Loffsetn whencen Perform an lseek(2) operation using the specified parameters. The response value is that returned from the lseek call.
Wcountn Write data onto the open device. Rmt reads count bytes from the connection, aborting if a premature end-of-file is encountered. The response value is that returned from the write(2) call.
Rcountn Read count bytes of data from the open device. If count exceeds the size of the data buffer (10 kilo- bytes), it is truncated to the data buffer size. rmt then performs the requested read(2) and responds with Acount-readn if the read was successful; otherwise an error in the standard format is returned. If the read was successful, the data read is then sent.
Ioperationncountn Perform a MTIOCOP ioctl(2) command using the speci- fied parameters. The parameters are interpreted as the ASCII representations of the decimal values to place in the mt_op and mt_count fields of the struc- ture used in the ioctl call. The return value is the count parameter when the operation is successful.
S Return the status of the open device, as obtained with a MTIOCGET ioctl call. If the operation was successful, an ``ack'' is sent with the size of the status buffer, then the status buffer is sent (in binary).
Any other command causes rmt to exit.
All responses are of the form described above. SEE ALSO
People should be discouraged from using this for a remote file access protocol. HISTORY
The rmt command appeared in 4.2 BSD .
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